Thirteen Kingdoms of the North
Expanded chart showing these realms from 382-620AD
Gwyr y Gogledd: the Men of the North
In the mid-sixth century, nine of these kingdoms in the "neck of Britain"
were ruled by Coel Hen's descendants...
who intermarried with the rulers of the other four realms --
Gododdin, Lleuddiniawn, Ystrad Clud, and Novant.
Altogether, they were called the Men of the North
by the folk of their distant kin in Gwynedd (later Wales) to the south.
Sometimes these kings allied against a mutual enemy,
but more often they bickered and feuded among themselves.
The Brits came to use the letter W to represent the vowel "ooh"
so Gwyr is pronounced "GOO-ur."
When in an unstressed syllable, Y is a neutral "ih" vowel.
Double D is sounded like "th" in "the," "that," or "this" but not like in "with."
Gogledd is pronounced "GO-gleth" with the accent on the first syllable.